1.WB natural.

Quarter-note Rests

There are no new note-values or time-signatures today, just a new pitch, B, and the quarter-note rest.
B is written on (meaning 'straddling') the middle line of the stave -

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Reading A & B

You'll find both A and B in the next exercise, but nothing else is new. Point at the orange dots for some useful information, and click on the music to isolate it. Set the metronome to 4-time and 120bpm, and give yourself two bars in, as usual.

Stems usually point down when the note head is on the middle line or above.

A whole-note / semibreve doesn't necessarily take up four times as much horizontal space as a quarter-note / crotchet - the horizontal spacing has no meaning.


It should have sounded like this.

Quarter-Note Rests

The next exercise moves between A and B more quickly. It also contains two silences which are notated with quarter-note / crotchet rests - the squiggles in bars 2 and 6. As you might have guessed, they tell you to be silent for the length of a quarter note / crotchet.

It will be worth counting and clapping the rhythm of this exercise before you play it.


It should have sounded like this (C, Bb, Eb instruments).


Finally, an 8-bar melody to notate. There are only two pitches in it (A & B) and no rests. You'll find it helpful to draw out the empty bars before you start. No need to refer to your instrument.

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If you didn't get that right, work out why before you move on.